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Home Services Orthodontics

Orthodontic realignment for children-when needed?

10:24 AM 10/11/2015

 Recently, along with the development of orthodontic technology, overcoming the problem of misaligned teeth for children in order to achieve a perfect smile is not a difficult problem.

Types of misalignment need orthodontic treatment:

Upper protrusion (overjet). In an upper protrusion, the upper front teeth are pushed outward (buck teeth).

Spacing or crowding problems. Too much or too little room for the teeth can cause spacing or crowding problems. 

·                                 Misplaced midline. In people who have a misplaced midline, the front center line between the upper front teeth doesn't match up with the center line of the lower front teeth.

Open bite. Although the molars fit together in a person who has an open, bite. Although the molars fit together in a person who has an open bite, the upper and lower front teeth don't overlap.

Overbite. In a person who has an excessive overbite, the upper front teeth reach too far down over the lower front teeth and

Cross bite. A cross bite occurs when any or all of the upper teeth fit into the wrong side of the lower teeth.

·                                 Rotation. Rotation is present when a tooth turns or tips out of its normal position.

·                                 Transposition. Transposition occurs when teeth grow (erupt) in one another's place.

Causes of misalignment:

·                                 cleft lip and palate

·                                 frequent use of a pacifier after the age of 3

·                                 prolonged use of bottle feeding in early childhood

·                                 thumb sucking in early childhood

·                                 injuries that result in the misalignment of the jaw

·                                 tumors in the mouth or jaw

·                                 abnormally shaped or impacted teeth

·                                 poor dental care that results in improperly fitting dental fillings, crowns, or braces

Why need orthodontic treatment?

·                                 Protruding upper front teeth - one of the most common reasons for needing orthodontic treatment, particularly as the teeth may be more prone to damage during falls or contact sports.

·                                 Crowding - people with narrow jaws often lack enough space for their teeth, resulting in crowding.

·                                 Impacted teeth - the adult teeth come through in the wrong position.

·                                 Asymmetrical teeth - in some people, the centre of their upper and lower teeth do not match, giving their teeth an asymmetrical or crooked appearance.

·                                 Deep bite - the upper teeth cover the lower teeth too much.

·                                 Reverse bite - the upper teeth bite inside the lower teeth.

·                                 Open bite -  the upper and lower front teeth do not meet when the mouth is closed; an open bite often occurs as a result of prolonged thumb sucking.

Which age is fit for treatment?

For most children this will be when they are about 12 or 13 years of age. However, in some cases, problems with a child's teeth may only become apparent when they are 15 years of age. In certain cases, orthodontists may wish to postpone treatment until 15 years of age or later until the growth pattern of the jaws has been determined and the treatment options become clear.

In some cases, a child may need to have orthodontic treatment before their adult teeth have fully developed. For example, this could be due to an underlying condition that affects the normal development of their skull, jaw or teeth, such as a cleft lip and palate or in cases where early intervention can prevent a larger problem later in a child's development. This is known as interceptive orthodontics.

For adults, orthodontic treatment can begin at any age.

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